Present participle

Trong chuyên mục 'Writing (Viết)' đăng bởi Newsun, 20/4/2010. — 2.630 Lượt xem

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    Present participle

    - Là dạng của thì hiện tại tiếp diễn:
    He’s working

    - Dc dùng như 1 tính từ:
    Running water (water which is running)
    Dripping tape / sleeping baby

    - Dc dùng sau cụm “have + chủ từ + Present participle”
    I won’t have him cleaning his bike in the kitchen (= don’t allow)
    I have them all talking to each other (= encourage / persuade to take)
    If you give all-night parties, you’ll have the neighbors complaining (=the neighbors will complain/will be complaining)

    - Thay thế một đại từ quan hệ + động từ:
    People wishing to visit the caves (people who wish/wished to visit the caves)
    Boys attending this school have to wear uniform (=boys who attend this school have to wear uniform)

    - Dc dùng sau động từ về giác quan (see, hear, feel, smell, notice, watch…)
    I see him passing my house everyday
    I watched them rehearsing the play

    - Dc dùng sau động từ “catch, find, leave” + chủ từ + Present participle
    I caught them stealing my apples (=I found them doing this)
    I left him talking to Bob (=He was talking to Bob when I left)

    - Dc dùng sau động từ “go, come, spend, waste, be busy…”
    They go sailing (go + các động từ chỉ hoạt động thể thao như walk, swim, boat, camp…)
    Come dancing
    I’m going shopping this afternoon
    He spends two hours (a day) traveling
    We wasted a whole afternoon trying to repair the car
    She was busy doing her homework.

    - thay thế cho chủ từ + động từ ở 1 mệnh đề khác:
    He rode away whistling (He rode away . He whistled as he went)
    Opening the drawer he took out a revolver(He opened the drawer and took put a revolver)
    She went out, slamming the door
    Knowing that he wouldn’t be able to buy food on his journey, he took large supplies with him (= As he knew…)
    The day being fine, we decided to go swimming

    coconut thích điều này.

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