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    LISTENING LESSON 15 - HOME: MOST DANGEROUS PLACE FOR WOMEN (08122018)

    1. BASIC LISTENING

    HOME: MOST DANGEROUS PLACE FOR WOMEN


    The most dangerous place for a woman is not a dark street in a strange city. It is not in a war zone or a protest.

    The most dangerous place for a woman is in her own home.

    So says a new study from the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. The study found that intimate partners or family members are responsible for the majority of female killings around the world.

    The study explains that the majority of murder victims are men. But their killers are usually strangers. Women, the report states, are far more likely to be murdered by someone they know.

    In 2017, about 87,000 women around the world were murdered. More than half of them, 58 percent, were killed by intimate partners or family members. Thirty percent of those murders were carried out by current or former lovers.

    The report found that often these murders are not random. Rather, they are usually the result of past gender-related violence against the victim.

    When an intimate partner murders a woman, the report states that jealousy and fear of abandonment are among the reasons.

    However, it adds that women “are also killed by fathers, brothers, mothers, sisters and other family members because of their role and status as women.”

    This kind of killing is often called femicide.

    Where femicide is most likely

    In 2017, Asia had the largest overall number, at 20,000, of women killed by intimate partners or family members. Africa followed with 19,000. Then came the Americas with 8,000 murders; Europe had 3,000 and Oceania had 300.

    However, based on population, Africa and the Americas are the parts of the world where women are most at risk of this crime. The study found the rate in Africa is 3.1 per 100,000 female population.

    In 2017, the intimate partner/family-related homicide rate was also high in the Americas, at 1.6 per 100,000 female population.

    Europe is the area where the risk is lowest.

    Solutions

    The study shows that deadly violence against women is on the rise.

    The U.N. study experts suggest ways to fight the problem. These include improvements to criminal justice systems and how they deal with violence against women. They suggest that severe punishment for acts of violence against women will help.

    They call for greater cooperation between police and justice systems and between health and social services.

    The experts also claim that men need to be included in the battle against femicide. Educating boys and teens, they say, is an important part of the solution.

    I’m Anna Matteo.

    2. ADVANCED LISTENING

    OLDER PEOPLE FACE GREATER DISASTER RISK


    A new report ranks countries according to the disaster risk faced by older people. It says those in Somalia, Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the highest risk due to conflict and a lack of social services. The findings are being released prior to the U.N. World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (3/14-18) in Sendai, Japan.

    HelpAge International has released its first Disaster Risk and Age Index, which evaluates 190 countries. It’s estimated 66 percent of those 60 years old and above live in less developed countries. HelpAge says that figure is expected to rise to nearly 80 percent by 2050. That’s over two billion people.

    HelpAge CEO Toby Porter said, “There’s quite rightly enormous interest globally at the moment in disaster risk reduction. I think an understanding that the world needs to invest in helping communities prepare for disasters and be more resilient when they do happen. But something that hasn’t been so well internalized or understood is how vulnerable older people are to disasters and more vulnerable than other members of the community.”

    He gave 2005’s Hurricane Katrina as an example. The storm slammed into the southern U.S. city of New Orleans.

    “The population of New Orleans the day the levies broke – the breakdown was that only 16 percent of the population that day was age 60 or older. And yet the statistics we have is that 75 percent of the men and women, who lost their lives that day, were age 60 or over. I mean it’s a most extraordinary statistic.”

    And 56 percent of those who died in Japan’s 2011 Tsunami were age 65 and older, even though they made up only 23 percent of the population.

    “Obviously, there are certain physical infirmities that come with older age. So, for example, a decreased ability to exit fast from an area where there may be a tsunami wave coming or to flee insecurity. There may be an instance whereby communities use disaster drills with whistles or sirens. You might have an older person in the community who may be hard of hearing. You might get someone who’s housebound and not able to see the dangers coming,” he said.

    Protection of older populations, Porter said, will only grow in importance.

    “The population is getting older, which is a wonderful thing. The reason that populations are getting older is because we’re all living in an era where every year people can expect to live longer and healthier lives. Often people think that population aging is just a developed world phenomenon -- or concentrated in countries like the U.S. and Canada and Western Europe. But actually populations are aging around the world and the fastest growing regions are Asia and Latin America.”

    He said the world must adapt its health care, economies and social welfare to an aging population.

    “If you speak to an older person regardless of which country, regardless of which culture or religion or background they come from, they’ll often talk about four major concerns. What kind of health am I in? Do I feel that I have enough money? Am I safe and living free from violence, discrimination or other forms of elder abuse? And fourth and a very important one – am I listened to? Do I have a say? Is my voice heard?”

    The top 10 countries where older people are most at risk are Somalia, Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Sudan, Yemen, South Sudan, Myanmar, the DRC, Syria and Iraq. There are 17 sub-Saharan African countries among the top 30 where older people are most at risk.

    The HelpAge chief executive officer said he’s sees encouraging signs for older people as the Sustainable Development Goals take shape. The U.N. meets late this year to finalize the replacements for the Millennium Development Goals.

    Joe DeCapua – Washington

    Composed & Edited by Lê Quốc An
     




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