Passive (tóm tắt lại các kiến thức dc học)

Trong chuyên mục 'Writing (Viết)' đăng bởi Newsun, 20/4/2010. — 2.745 Lượt xem

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    Passive (tóm tắt lại các kiến thức dc học)

    Các pác cứ nhìn theo trình tự cột đầu là TENSE/VERB FORM, cột hai là ACTIVE VOICE, còn cột ba là PASSIVE nhé !

    Simple present – keeps – is kept
    Present continuous – is keeping – is being kept
    Simple past – kept – was kept
    Past continuous – was keeping - was being kept
    Present perfect – has kept – has been kept
    Past perfect – had kept – had been kept
    Future – will keep – will be kept
    Conditional – would keep – would be kept
    Perfect conditional – would have kept – would have been kept
    Present infinitive – to keep – to be kept
    Perfect infinitive – to have kept – to have been kept
    Present participal/gerund – keeping - being kept
    Perfect participle – having kept - having been kept

    Những động từ nhấn mạnh về ý kiến và lời đồn: say, report, think, believe
    Ex: People say that he is the most intellighent in the class
    => He is said to be the…
    => It is said that he is the…

    Các động từ như Advise/beg/order/recommend/urge + chủ từ + to - Vinfinitive + object ta có 2 cách đổi như sau:
    Ex: He urged the council to reduce the rates.
    => The council was/were urged to reduce the rates.
    => He urged that the rates should be reduced.

    Các động từ như Advise/insist/propose/recommend/suggest + gerund + object, ta có 1 cách đổi như sau:
    Ex: He recommended using bullet – proof glass.
    => He recommended that the bullet – proof should be used.
     



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