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Thảo luận trong 'Writing (Viết)' bắt đầu bởi Newsun, 20/4/2010. — 3.324 Lượt xem

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    Danh từ trong tiếng Anh

    Nouns

    It's not easy to describe a noun. In simple terms, nouns are "things" (and verbs are "actions"). Like food. Food (noun) is something you eat (verb). Or happiness. Happiness (noun) is something you want (verb). Or human being. A human being (noun) is something you are (verb).
    What are Nouns?

    The simple definition is: a person, place or thing. Here are some examples:

    • person: man, woman, teacher, John, Mary
    • place: home, office, town, countryside, America
    • thing: table, car, banana, money, music, love, dog, monkey
    The problem with this definition is that it does not explain why "love" is a noun but can also be a verb.
    Another (more complicated) way of recognizing a noun is by its:

    1. Ending
    2. Position
    3. Function
    1. Noun Ending
    There are certain word endings that show that a word is a noun, for example:

    • -ity > nationality
    • -ment > appointment
    • -ness > happiness
    • -ation > relation
    • -hood > childhood
    But this is not true for the word endings of all nouns. For example, the noun "spoonful" ends in -ful, but the adjective "careful" also ends in -ful.
    2. Position in Sentence
    We can often recognise a noun by its position in the sentence.
    Nouns often come after a determiner (a determiner is a word like a, an, the, this, my, such):

    • a relief
    • an afternoon
    • the doctor
    • this word
    • my house
    • such stupidity
    Nouns often come after one or more adjectives:

    • a great relief
    • a peaceful afternoon
    • the tall, Indian doctor
    • this difficult word
    • my brown and white house
    • such crass stupidity
    3. Function in a Sentence
    Nouns have certain functions (jobs) in a sentence, for example:

    • subject of verb: Doctors work hard.
    • object of verb: He likes coffee.
    • subject and object of verb: Teachers teach students.
    But the subject or object of a sentence is not always a noun. It could be a pronoun or a phrase. In the sentence "My doctor works hard", the noun is "doctor" but the subject is "My doctor".
     


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